Basics of Diabetes

Understanding the basics of diabetes is the first step that must be taken to have control of your health. Let’s see what causes diabetes, some of the most common symptoms, the benefits of living a healthy life, and what to do if you have just been diagnosed with diabetes. Best medication for the diabetes is trulicity. However trulicity cost is high but you can buy it from Prescription Hope at cheap price by using trulicity coupon.

What is the diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic disease. Blood glucose levels are controlled by insulin, which is a hormone produced by the pancreas. When you eat, the food is processed by the body and enters the bloodstream. Insulin takes glucose from the bloodstream and allows it to enter the cells, where it is processed and used to create energy. If you have diabetes, you do not make enough insulin, or the insulin that you make does not take glucose from your bloodstream to enter the cells. This is how blood sugar levels rise more than they should (hyperglycemia).

3 types of diabetes

  1. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce insulin.
  2. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the insulin does not work properly.
  3. Gestational diabetes is a temporary condition and happens when women’s insulin is less effective during pregnancy.

Common symptoms of diabetes

Typically, the onset of type 1 diabetes happens quickly and the symptoms can be intense. The symptoms of type 2 diabetes are usually mild (or do not even manifest) and appear over time. Symptoms of both types of diabetes include: 2

  • Frequent urine production
  • excessive thirst
  • Appetite increase
  • weightloss
  • fatigue
  • lack of interest and concentration
  • tingling or numbness in the hands and feet
  • blurry vision
  • frequent infections
  • wounds that take time to heal
  • vomiting and stomach pain, which are usually confused with the flu (however, it is very common to get a flu before being diagnosed with diabetes, as this is an autoimmune disease)

If you have not been diagnosed with diabetes and have any of these symptoms, talk with your doctor or pharmacist.

How do low blood sugar levels occur?

Low blood glucose levels (hypoglycaemia) generally occur when blood glucose levels fall below 70 mg / dL (3.9 mmol / L). It happens when there is too much insulin or diabetes medications in the body, when you need to eat, when you exercise a lot or when you drink too much alcohol. All people react differently to hypoglycemia, but within the common symptoms are: 3

  • tremors, weakness or chills
  • irritability or confusion
  • dizziness or nausea 
  • blurred vision or headaches
  • seizures or loss of consciousness

If you have low blood sugar levels, treat them according to the instructions provided by your doctor. However, try to ingest 15 grams of glucose or carbohydrates, re-check blood glucose levels after 15 minutes and, if they continue to be low, repeat the procedure.

Have you just been diagnosed with diabetes? This is what you should do now.

It is not easy to be diagnosed with diabetes. You may ask, “Why is this happening?” And be afraid of the unknown. It is common to blame yourself and worry about what others will think of you. What matters most is that you recognize all your emotions as they appear and leave, that you decide to control them and that you understand that you are not alone. The first step in gaining control of your health after being diagnosed with diabetes is to consult with your primary care physician (or an endocrinologist, nursing staff dedicated to diabetes, etc.) and learn as much as you can about the disease. To begin, you should find out:

  • if you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes
  • how to control your own blood glucose levels
  • how to use a blood glucose meter
  • how to understand the results of the controls
  • how to treat diabetes
  • what kind of exercise is right for you
  • what changes should you make in your diet
  • other health problems that you have that affect the treatment of diabetes
  • who else can go to receive information

Establish a treatment plan with your doctor and conduct a follow-up consultation.

Eat and drink

Being aware of what you eat and making decisions to live a healthier life is the best thing you can do to control your blood sugar levels. Count carbohydrates, eat healthy foods high in fat (monounsaturated, polyunsaturated or omega 3), incorporate enough protein and fiber to the body, all these are key aspects of a healthy diet for diabetes. Do not forget to keep in mind what you drink when you control your blood glucose levels. Water, coffee or tea without sugar or low-calorie drinks are the best options. Avoid fruit juices or sodas with sugar (unless you have to treat an episode of hypoglycaemia). Do not drink more than one alcoholic beverage per day if you are a woman and two if you are a man.

Why it is important for you to control your blood glucose levels yourself

The results of blood glucose levels let you know how food, exercise and other factors such as stress affect such blood glucose levels. If you control them frequently, you will start observing patterns (high and low peaks) and you can make changes to your routine, which will improve your health over time.